Why in News:
- The Coast Guard inducted the first three of 16 Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) Mk-III designed and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
About ALH Mk-III
- The indigenously designed and developed Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH-DHRUV) is a twin engine, multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter in the 5.5 ton weight class.
- It is a multi-role chopper with the Shakti engine manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
- The helicopters are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment like Surveillance Radar, Electro-Optic Pod, Medical Intensive Care Unit, High-intensity SearchLight, SAR Homer, Loud Hailer, Machine Gun and can perform other key roles.
- Even at night, it will be able to alleviate low visibility during search and rescue operations.
- It possesses a 0.7 mm gun, giving it a significant capability in LIMO (low intensity maritime operations).
- The new autonomous flight control system outperforms the older version.
- These helicopters will usher a paradigm shift in the capability in ship-borne operations and enhance coastal surveillance.
- The induction of ALH MK III is a testimony to the ICG’s commitment towards “Atma Nirbhar Bharat”.
- HAL is an state-owned aerospace and defence company under the management of the Ministry of Defence.
- HAL conceptualised the Advanced Light Helicopter programme in 1984. The major variants of Dhruv are Dhruv Mk-I, Mk-II, Mk-III & Mk-IV.
About Indian Coast Guard
- The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) is a maritime law enforcement and search and rescue agency of India with jurisdiction over its territorial waters including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.
- The Indian Coast Guard was formally established by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Parliament of India.
- It operates under the Ministry of Defence.
- It is responsible for marine environment protection in maritime zones of India and is coordinating authority for response to oil spills in Indian waters.