Why in News?
- The indigenously developed helicopter-launched Nag Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM), Helina has completed all trials and the process .
What is Helina?
- HELINA (Helicopter based NAG) is a third generation fire and forget class anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) system mounted on the Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) .
- The system has all weather day and night capability and can defeat battle tanks with conventional armour as well as explosive reactive armour.
- A variant of the HELINA Weapon System called DHRUVASTRA is being inducted into the Indian Air Force (IAF).
- It is designed to support the Indian Army’s mechanised infantry and airborne forces.
- The air-launched missile system, guided by an infrared imaging seeker (IIR), can hit a target with a minimum range of 500m and a maximum range of 7km.
- Nag is a third-generation, fire-and-forget, anti-tank guided missile developed by India’s state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
- The Nag missile has been indigenously developed under the Indian Ministry of Defence’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), which also involved the development of four other missiles that are Agni, Akash, Trishul and Prithvi.
- It is designed to destroy modern main battle tanks and other heavily armoured targets and has the capability to engage both static and moving targets
- It can engage targets under all weather conditions with day and night capabilities and with a minimum range of 500m and maximum range of 20 km.
- Nag can be launched from land and air-based platforms.
- It uses an imaging infrared seeker in lock-on-before-launch mode.
- Prospina (500m- 4km) the land version meant for infantry, can be launched from a tracking-cum-launch vehicle known as NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier)
- HeliNa (7- 10km) is a helicopter-launched version of NAG with an extended range. The launch system is mounted on HAL “Rudra” helicopter using “Rudrastra” twin-launcher system, Dhruv advanced light helicopter (ALH) (a variant called Dhruvastra) and HAL Light Combat Helicopters. The launch system is used by both the Indian Army and Air Force.
- Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile (MPATGM): This version is lighter in comparison to other variants and can be launched from the shoulder. It has a strike range of 2.5 km.
- To read about other indigenously developed missiles: https://officerspulse.com/akash-ng-and-mpatgm/
- To read about the Advanced Light Helicopter: https://officerspulse.com/indian-coast-guard-icg/