Why in News?
- The first of three stealth frigates, Himgiri, being built by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE) under Project 17A for the Navy was launched into water.
About Project 17A
- The coveted ‘Project 17A’ was cleared by the govt back in 2015.
- P17A ships with a displacement of around 6,670 tonnes will be the most advanced state-of-the-art guided missile frigates once inducted.
- They will represent the most advanced class of major surface warships for the Indian Navy in a decade, also featuring BrahMos supersonic surface-to-surface missiles.
- These will also have torpedoes and rockets to hit submarines and rapid-fire guns to destroy anti-ship missiles as well as a heavy main gun to engage ships and coastal targets.
- These ships would also be loaded with an indigenous state of art electronic systems and sensor suites.
- Weapons are in integration with BrahMos and Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) with MF STAR radar and indigenous Sonar system.
- The P17A-class will be armed and ready with the state-of-the-art Barak 8 and BrahMos surface-to-air and supersonic cruise missiles.
- The ships are named after Indian Hills like Shivalik, Himgiri, Nilgiri, Taragiri, Udyagiri.
- This project is unique in that it is being built simultaneously at two locations, at GRSE in Kolkata and Mazgaon Docks Limited in Mumbai.
- Fincantieri of Italy is the knowhow provider for technology upgrade and capability enhancement in this project.
- Frigates are naval vessels intermediate between corvettes and destroyers, and have had a significant role in the naval history of India.
- Frigates which employ stealth technology construction techniques in an effort to ensure that it is harder to detect by one or more of radar, visual, sonar, and infrared methods.