- In India, tribal population makes up for 8.6% of the total population. Tribal people live in about 15% of the geographical area of the country.
- Among them some groups are declared as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) based on the following criteria.
- A pre-agriculture level of technology;
- A stagnant or declining population;
- Extremely low literacy; and
- A subsistence level of economy.
- In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups.
- In 2006, the Government of India renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.
- 75 tribal groups have been categorized by the Ministry of Home Affairs as PVTGs.
- PVTGs reside in 18 States and UT of A&N Islands.
- Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12).
- The Ministry of Tribal Affairs implements the Scheme of “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” exclusively for them.
- PVTGs depend on various livelihoods such as food gathering, Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP), hunting, livestock rearing, shifting cultivation and artisan works. Most of their livelihoods depend on the forest.
State / UT Name
|Andhra Pradesh and Telangana||1.Bodo Gadaba 2.Bondo Poroja 3.Chenchu 4.Dongria Khond 5.Gutob Gadaba 6.Khond Poroja 7.Kolam 8.Kondareddis 9.Konda Savaras 10.Kutia Khond 11.Parengi Poroja l2.Thoti|
|Bihar and Jharkhand||13.Asurs 14.Birhor 15.Birjia 16.Hill Kharia 17.Konvas 18.Mal Paharia 19.Parhaiyas 20.Sauda Paharia 21.Savar|
|Jharkhand||Same as above|
|Gujarat||22.Kathodi 23.Kohvalia 24.Padhar 25.Siddi 26.Kolgha|
|Karnataka||27. Jenu Kuruba 28. Koraga|
|Kerala||29.Cholanaikayan (a section of Kattunaickans) 30.Kadar 31.Kattunayakan 32.Kurumbas 33.Koraga|
|Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh||34.Abujh Macias 35.Baigas 36.Bharias 37.Hill Korbas 38.Kamars 39.Saharias 40.Birhor|
|Chhattisgarh||Same as above|
|Maharashtra||41.Katkaria (Kathodia) 42.Kolam 43.Maria Gond|
|Manipur||44. Marram Nagas|
|Odisha||45.Birhor 46.Bondo 47.Didayi 48.Dongria-Khond 49.Juangs 50.Kharias 51.Kutia Kondh 52.Lanjia Sauras 53.Lodhas 54.Mankidias 55.Paudi Bhuyans 56.Soura 57.Chuktia Bhunjia|
|Tamil Nadu||59.Kattu Nayakans 60.Kotas 61.Kurumbas 62.Irulas 63.Paniyans 64.Todas|
|Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand||66.Buxas 67.Rajis|
|West Bengal||68.Birhor 69.Lodhas 70.Totos|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||71.Great Andamanese 72.Jarawas 73.Onges 74.Sentinelese 75.Shorn Pens|
Why in News?
- President Droupadi Murmu participated in the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) Summit in Rashtrapati Bhawan.
- The summit was organised to have an interaction with members of 75 PVTGs and to apprise them about the various Schemes and initiatives of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.