- The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is a statutory body constituted under the Disaster Management Act 2005, with the Prime Minister of India as its Chairman, a Vice Chairman with the status of Cabinet Minister, and eight members with the status of Ministers of State.
- The Disaster Management Act also has statutory provisions for the constitution of the National Disaster Response Force for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters.
- The NDMA is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India. It is under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
National Disaster Management Plan
- The National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of the disaster management cycle. The plan is prepared by the National Disaster Management Authority.
- The NDMP has been aligned broadly with the goals and priorities set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
- State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) is constituted under the Disaster Management Act 2005.
- It is a primary fund available with the State Government for responses to notified disasters.
- The Central Government contributes 75% of SDRF allocation for general category States/UTs and 90% for special category States (North Eastern States, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir).
- The annual Central contribution is released in two equal installments as per the recommendation of the Finance Commission.
- SDRF shall be used only for meeting the expenditure for providing immediate relief to the victims.
- The accounts of the SDRF shall be audited annually by Comptroller & Auditor General of India (CAG).
- Disasters covered under SDRF: Cyclone, Drought, Earthquake, Floods, Tsunami, Hailstorm, Landslide, Avalanche, Cloud burst, Pest attack, Frost and Cold wave.
- State Government may use up to 10% of the funds available under SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of the natural disaster that day considered to be “Disaster” within the local contacts in the State and which is not included in the notified list of disaster of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- The National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF), constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, supplements SDRF of a State, in case of a disaster of severe nature, provided adequate funds are not available in SDRF.
Why in News?
- The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has started testing the emergency cell broadcast technology developed by C-DOT that will alert people at the time of natural disaster.
- The sample test message with the title, ‘Emergency alert: Severe’, was sent to subscribers on various mobile networks recently.
- The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) is the Telecom Technology development centre of the Government of India. It was established in 1984.
- It is a registered ‘public funded research institution’ with the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science & Technology.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
- The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk, but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local governments, the private sector, the scientific community and NGOs.
- It lists priority areas for action such as:
- understanding disaster risk,
- strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk,
- investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and
- enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
- It aims to achieve the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries over the next 15 years (2015-2030).
- The Framework was adopted at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan, in 2015. India is a signatory to the agreement.