National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
- NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators
- It was based on the recommendations of the Tandon Committee, National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task force (1985).
- Subsequently, NCRB was entrusted with the responsibility for monitoring, coordinating and implementing the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project in the year 2009.
- The project has connected 15000+ police stations and 6000 higher offices of police in the country.
- CCTNS digitises data related to FIR registration, investigation and charge sheets in all police stations leading to the development of a national database of crimes and criminals.
- NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country (‘Crime in India’ report).
Why in News?
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in its annual Crime in India 2019 report recently released states that:
- There is an increase in crimes against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the year 2019 as compared to the year 2018.
- The data on seizures of counterfeit notes from all the States and Union Territories also shows there is a surge in seizure of fake Indian currency notes in 2019 compared to 2018.
Key Highlights :
- Crime against SCs have increased by over 7% and crimes against STs have increased by 26% in year 2019 compared to 2018.
- Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of crimes against SCs in 2019, followed by Rajasthan and Bihar.
- Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against STs, followed by Rajasthan, and Odisha.
- In the number of cases of rape of women belonging to SCs, Rajasthan topped the list with 554 cases, followed by Uttar Pradesh at 537 and Madhya Pradesh at 510 cases.
- Cybercrimes increased by 63.5% in 2019.
- According to the NCRB, 90,566 pieces of fake ₹ 2,000 notes were seized in 2019. The highest number of seizures were from Karnataka followed by Gujarat- 14,494 and West Bengal.
- Crime against women showed an increase of 7.3% in 2019 from 2018.
- 88 cases of crimes against women were recorded per day.
- Majority of cases under crime against women under IPC were registered under cruelty by husband or his relatives (30.9%), followed by assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty, kidnapping & abduction of women and rape .
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