About Jal Jeevan Mission
- Launched in 2019, the chief objective of the Mission is to provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024 and thereby ensuring potable water supply in adequate quantity i.e. @ 55 lpcd (Litres per capita per day) of prescribed quality on a long-term and regular basis.
- This Mission is under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- It focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
- The programme also implements source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation and rainwater harvesting.
- The Jal Jeevan Mission is based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and Communication (IEC) as a key component of the mission.
- JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan (People’s Movement) for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
- The fund sharing pattern is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States; 50:50 for other States and 100% for UTs.
Why in News?
- The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has achieved another milestone of providing tap water connections to 13 Crore rural households.
- The mission has increased the rural tap connection coverage from only 3.23 Crore households at the start of the Mission in August, 2019 to 13 crore in just 4 years.
- The Mission implements the programme in partnership with States/ UTs and it is the combined efforts of all including development partners that transformational change is seen on ground.
- The relentless efforts of the Union and State governments have also resulted in ensuring the provision of tap water supply in 9.15 lakh (88.73%) schools and 9.52 lakh (84.69%) anganwadi centres in the country. In the 112 aspirational districts of our country, at the time of the launch of the Mission, only 21.41 lakh (7.86%) households had access to tap water which has now increased to 1.81 Crore (66.48%).