About Jal Jeevan Mission
- Jal Jeevan Mission is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
|The goal of JJM is to provide functional household tap connection to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd).|
- The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water .
Key Objectives of the Mission are:
- To provide Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household.
- To prioritize provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
- To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
- To monitor functionality of tap connections.
- To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among the local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan).
- To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water .
The institutional mechanism under JJM:
|National level||National Jal Jeevan Mission|
|State level||State Water and Sanitation Mission (SWSM)|
|District level||District Water and Sanitation Mission (DWSM)|
|Gram Panchayat level||Paani Samiti/ Village Water & Sanitation Committee (VWSC)/ User group|
Funding Pattern under JJM:
The fund sharing pattern between Centre and State is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 100 percent for UTs and 50:50 for rest of the States.
Positive Outcomes of JJM:
- JJM would ensure functional household tap connection to every rural household where there is a demand and people aspire for household piped water supply.
- It will significantly improve quality of life, particularly of women and children.
- It will assist in ODF-sustainability as water is important to sustain Swachh Bharat Mission’s gains.
- In the rural areas, for developing in-village water supply infrastructure, water resource management, source strengthening/ augmentation, distribution network, treatment plants, etc., unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled human resources will be required.
- Further there will be procurement of various materials for water supply systems. This will generate employment and boost the economy.
Why in News?
- 3.04 Crore New Connections provided under National Jal Jeevan Mission.
- Goa is the first state to provide 100% piped connection. States of Telangana, Gujarat, Haryana, UT of Puducherry are close to achieving 100% coverage.