India Innovation Index-2020
What’s in the news?
- NITI Aayog has released the second edition of the India Innovation Index-2020.
- The idea of the index is to showcase the government’s initiative to create an innovation-driven economy.
- The first edition of the index was launched in October 2019.
About the Index
- The India Innovation Index 2020 ranks the states and union territories based on their relative performance of supporting innovation. This competitive measure will empower them to improve their innovation policies by highlighting their strengths and weaknesses.
- The ranking methodology is designed in a way that states can draw lessons from the national leaders in innovation. Hopefully, this will lead to healthy competition among the states and union territories, thereby fostering competitive federalism.
How states are evaluated?
- The index captures the trends and provides detailed analyses of the various factors that drive innovation at the country, state, and district levels. It is believed that these analyses would enable policymakers in identifying catalysts and inhibitors of innovation at the national and sub-national levels.
- The states and union territories have been divided into 17 ‘Major States’, 10 ‘North-East and Hill States’, and 9 ‘City-States and Union Territories’, for effectively comparing their performance.
- The states and union territories have been ranked on two broad categories: outcome and governance. Overall, the framework of India Innovation Index 2020 consists of 36 indicators, which include hard data (32 indicators) and four composite indicators.
- The framework has been updated to include globally considered parameters for measuring innovation (such as the percentage of gross domestic product spent on research and development), while also retaining the parameters specific to the Indian economy.
Highlights of the Index
- In the 2020 ranking, Karnataka retained its first position in the Major States category. Maharashtra moved one position higher and stood at 2nd spot while Tamil Nadu occupied to 3rd position.
- In the North East and Hill States category, Himachal Pradesh stands at first position followed by Uttarakhand and Manipur. Delhi stands at the first position while Chandigarh retained its second spot in the Union Territories and small States category.
View all comments