Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)
- CVC was set up in 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by K. Santhanam, as the apex vigilance institution under the Central Government.
- The Commission was given statutory status by the enactment of “The Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003”.
- It is a multi-member body consisting of a Central Vigilance Commissioner (chairperson) and not more than two vigilance commissioners.
- The CVC receives complaints on corruption or misuse of office and to recommend appropriate action. Following institutions, bodies, or a person can approach to CVC:
- Central government
- Whistle blowers
- It is empowered to inquire into offences alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 by certain categories of public servants
- The CVC is not controlled by any Ministry/Department. It is an independent body which is only responsible for the Parliament.
- The CVC is not an investigating agency. The CVC either gets the investigation done through the CBI or through the Departmental Chief Vigilance Officers.
Why in News?
- The Central Vigilance Commission has directed all Ministries/Departments of the Union government to strictly adhere to the time limits for various stages of disciplinary proceedings in vigilance cases since unexplained delay was causing undue advantage or harassment to the charged officials.
- In a circular issued to all Chief Vigilance Officers, the central agency expressed concern that despite clear guidelines issued by the CVC and the Department of Personnel & Training, investigators were not adhering to the prescribed time limit, resulting in investigations taking a much longer time. This ultimately led to an unwarranted delay in finalising a disciplinary case.