- Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth and last Sikh Guru who became the leader of the Sikhs at the age of 9 after Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.
- He was a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
- In 1699, he established the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa.
- Guru Gobind Singh started the tradition of the Five K’s for the Khalsa. The Five K’s are kesh (uncut hair), kanga (wooden comb), kara (iron or steel bracelet), kirpan (dagger) and kacchera (short breeches)
- His literary contributions include the Jaap Sahib, Benti Chaupai, Amrit Savaiye, etc.
- Chandi di Var was his famous composition is Punjabi.
- In 1708, he declared that Guru Granth Sahib will be the holy scripture of Sikhism and will be the permanent Guru of Sikhs.
Why in news?
- The 355th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th and last Sikh guru was celebrated recently.