What’s in News
- Gujarat’s tableau for the Republic Day parade this year has been themed on tribal revolutionaries from the state who devoted themselves to India’s independence struggle, with a special focus on an event that took place in Sabarkantha in 1922 that some historians refer to as “Gujarat’s Jallianwala Bagh”.
About the incident
- The tableau comprises a statue of Motilal Tejawat, one of the heroes of the event who was regarded as the ‘Gandhi of Koliyari’ by the tribals.
- The incident, in which some 1,200 Bhils were massacred, happened in the Pal-Chitariya and Dadhvaav villages in Gujarat, then part of Idar state.
- The Bhil are one of the largest tribal communities, having presence in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
- On March 7, 1922, the day marking Amalki Ekadashi, a major festival for the tribals, villagers from Pal-Chitariya and Dadhvaav gathered under Tejawat’s leadership to protest against the land revenue tax imposed by the British and feudal lords.
- Soldiers arrived at the site and fired on the tribals. In the unprovoked firing 1,200 innocent tribal were killed.