- This article highlights how Eastern Uttar Pradesh has emerged as a hub of vegetable and fruit exports in the past two years and the role of FPOs of the region.
- In recent years, Farmer Producers’ Organizations(FPOs) have been formed to counter the challenge of fragmented holdings.
- An FPO is a collective of farmers who have holdings or work in a geographical cluster.
- It can be registered under the Companies Act or as a cooperative under the Societies Registration Act.
- FPOs have demonstrated their potential to trigger cluster-based farming, bringing in economies of scale in input management facilitating agri-extension, enabling technology adoption, providing quality assurance and helping farmers market their produce.
- The Centre’s scheme to form and promote 10,000 FPOs envisages collaboration amongst farmers in activities like input management.
- Such cooperation can enhance the capacities of agriculturists, help in value addition and facilitate the creation of links with markets.
UP and FPOs
|A dedicated FPO cell constituted by the UP government.
|A scheme of its own (state government) to form FPOs.
|FPO Shakti Portal
|Additional subvention to FPOs
|Fostering convergence of various schemes
Significant outcomes of the above measures
- FPOs are playing a pivotal role in crop diversification and value addition.
- Hundred FPOs have established seed processing units in UP.
- Several of these units sell their seeds in the open market; others have signed MOUs with state and National Seed Corporations for buy-back arrangements.
- Many FPOs have established Farm Machinery Banks which provide farm mechanization services at reasonable rents which contribute to managing paddy stubble.
- Climate resilient strategies like direct seeding of rice are being channelised through FPOs.
- FPOs are working to improve nutrition by developing the value chain of high-nutrient agri-products like millets, mushrooms, moringa and fortified cereals.
- For example, in Rampur, the FPO collaborated with the district administration for the “Aahaar Se Upchar Tak” campaign to supply nutrition-rich products to anganwadi kendras. Their efforts led to an improvement in nutritive outcomes in the area.
- FPOs have entered into dealership agreements for seeds, fertilizers and agri tech.
- FPO outfits have succeeded in registering local products under GI — these include Adam Chini rice, Banarasi langra, jaggery, Ramnagar (Varanasi) Bhanta (Brinjal) and Banarasi pan.