- World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) with 193 Member States and Territories (including India).
- Established in 1950, WMO provides world leadership and expertise in international cooperation in the delivery and use of high-quality, authoritative weather, climate, hydrological and related environmental services by its Members, for the improvement of the well-being of societies of all nations.
Why in News?
- The United Nations announced that it had taken a significant step towards trying to fill a key gap in the fight against climate change: standardised, real-time tracking of greenhouse gases.
- The U.N.’s World Meteorological Organisation has come up with a new Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure that aims to provide better ways of measuring planet-warming pollution and help inform policy choices.
- The WMO’s new platform will integrate space-based and surface-based observing systems, and seek to clarify uncertainties about where greenhouse gas emissions end up.
- It should result in much faster and sharper data on how the planet’s atmosphere is changing.
- The three major greenhouses gases are carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Of those, CO2 accounts for around 66% of the warming effect on the climate.
- The increase in CO2 levels from 2020 to 2021 was higher than the average growth rate over the past decade, and methane saw the biggest year-on-year jump since measurements started.
- The 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change saw countries agree to cap global warming at “well below” two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above levels measured between 1850 and 1900 – and 1.5C if possible.
- The WMO said there needed to be stronger scientific underpinnings of climate change mitigation actions taken under the agreement.