- United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN.
- It is one of the six principal organs which make up the UN.
- All 193 Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation.
- The annual session is attended by world leaders to discuss and debate the world’s most important global issues and how to address them.
- Each country has one vote.
- Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority.
Why in News?
- The United Nations General Assembly has adopted two India-sponsored resolutions on nuclear disarmament which aim to reduce risk of nuclear accidents and call for a prohibition on the use of nuclear weapons.
- The two resolutions adopted include Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons and Reducing Nuclear Danger under the Nuclear weapons cluster.
Resolution on Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons
- This resolution was backed by a majority of UN Members and was tabled by India in 1982.
- It calls for a universal and legally binding agreement that would generate the necessary global political will that can lead to the total elimination of nuclear weapons.
Resolution on Reducing Nuclear Danger
- This resolution which was tabled since 1998 puts focus on unintentional or accidental use of nuclear weapons and underscores the need for a review of nuclear doctrines.
- The resolution asks for concrete steps to reduce such risks.