United Nations Environment Programme
- The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was created as a result of the United Nations Conference on human environment in 1972 in Stockholm.
- It addresses environmental issues at the global and regional level for the United Nations. UNEP’s mission is “to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.”
- To accomplish its mission, UNEP:
- assesses environmental conditions and trends at the global, regional and national levels;
- develops international agreements and national environmental instruments; and
- strengthens institutions for wise environmental management.
- UNEP is governed by the United Nations Environment Assembly, a council with universal membership that sets the UNEP agenda.
- Focus Areas: climate change; disasters and conflicts; ecosystem management; environmental governance; environment under review; harmful substances; and resource efficiency.
Why in News?
- The fifth United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA 5.2) was recently concluded in Nairobi.
- India engaged constructively with all member states in UNEA 5.2 to develop consensus on the resolution for driving global action on plastic pollution by setting up of an intergovernmental negotiating committee for a new international legally binding treaty.
- On the insistence of India, the principle of national circumstances and capability while taking actions to address plastic pollution was included in the text of the resolution to allow developing countries follow their development trajectories.
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