- The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), originally known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, was created by the United Nations General Assembly in 1946.
- It was created to provide emergency food and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by World War II.
- In 1950, UNICEF’s mandate was extended to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere.
- In 1953, it became a permanent part of the United Nations System.
Why in News?
- UNICEF has extended emergency support to more than 12,000 Rohingya refugees whose shelters were gutted in a devastating fire.