About the scheme
- SVAMITVA (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas) scheme is a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India.
- It is a central sector scheme that aims to provide rural people with the right to document their residential properties so that they can use their property for economic purposes. The scheme is for surveying the land parcels in rural inhabited areas using Drone technology.
- The outcome from the scheme would include updating the record of rights in the revenue/property registers and issuance of property cards to the property owners. This would facilitate monetisation of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services.
- It will also lead to creation of accurate land records for rural planning and determination of property tax.
- Through the SVAMITVA scheme, the government hopes that property disputes and legal cases will be reduced.
- Other gram panchayats and community assets like village roads, ponds, canals, open spaces, school, anganwadi, health sub-centres etc will also be surveyed and GIS maps will be created. These maps can be used to prepare better quality gram panchayat development plans.
- There are about 6.62 lakh villages in the country which will be eventually covered in this scheme. The entire work is likely to be spread over a period of four years (2020 -2024).
- Presently, the pilot phase is being approved for the year 2020-21. Pilot Phase will extend to 8 states – Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan.
- The Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) is the Nodal Ministry for implementation of the scheme. Survey of India shall work as the technology partner for implementation.
Why in News?
- States need to sign Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Survey of India for implementation of the scheme. So far 29 States have signed MoU with Survey of India.
About Survey of India
- The National Survey and Mapping Organization, also known as the Survey of India, is the oldest scientific department of the Government of India.
- Set up in 1767, it is under the Department of Science & Technology.
- As the nation’s Principal Mapping Agency, Survey of India ensures that the country’s domain is explored and mapped suitably, provides base maps for expeditious and integrated development and ensures that all resources contribute with their full measure to the progress, prosperity and security of the country.
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