- State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) is constituted under the Disaster Management Act 2005.
- It is a primary fund available with the State Government for responses to notified disasters.
- The Central Government contributes 75% of SDRF allocation for general category States/UTs and 90% for special category States (North Eastern States, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir).
- The annual Central contribution is released in two equal installments as per the recommendation of the Finance Commission.
- SDRF shall be used only for meeting the expenditure for providing immediate relief to the victims.
- The accounts of the SDRF shall be audited annually by Comptroller & Auditor General of India (CAG).
- Disasters covered under SDRF: Cyclone, Drought, Earthquake, Floods, Tsunami, Hailstorm, Landslide, Avalanche, Cloud burst, Pest attack, Frost and Cold wave.
- State Government may use up to 10% of the funds available under SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of the natural disaster that day considered to be “Disaster” within the local contacts in the State and which is not included in the notified list of disaster of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
Why in News?
- The Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, has released an amount of Rs. 7,532 crore to 22 State Governments for the respective State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF).