About Greater One-Horned Rhino
- The greater one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) is the largest of the rhino species. It is also known as Indian rhino.
- Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian subcontinent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests.
- This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the start of the 20th century, around 200 wild greater one-horned rhinos remained.
- The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia. Thanks to strict protection and management from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, the greater one-horned rhino was brought back from the brink.
- At present, the greater one-horned rhino lives in northern India and southern Nepal, in riverine (floodplain) grasslands and adjacent woodland.
- Protection Status: IUCN Red List: Vulnerable; CITES: Appendix I; Wildlife Protection Act (1972): Schedule I.
Why in News?
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi complimented the people of Assam for their efforts toward rhino conservation in the state after zero poaching incidents were reported in 2022.