- PARAM Siddhi is a high performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer established earlier this year, under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).
- The supercomputer with Rpeak of 5.267 Petaflops and 4.6 Petaflops Rmax (Sustained) was conceived by C-DAC and developed jointly with support of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) under NSM.
- In high-performance computing, Rmax and Rpeak are scores used to rank supercomputers based on their performance. A system’s Rmax score describes its maximal achieved performance; the Rpeak score describes its theoretical peak performance.
- A petaflop is the ability of a computer to do one quadrillion (10¹⁵) floating point operations per second (FLOPS).
Applications of PARAM Siddhi
- With the infusion of Param Siddhi-AI, the scientific and technology community in the country will further be enabled and empowered to solve multidisciplinary grand challenges of healthcare, agriculture, education, energy, cybersecurity, space, AI applications, weather and climate modelling, urban planning, etc.
- The AI system will strengthen application development of packages and will help testing of weather forecasting packages, geo-exploration packages for oil and gas recovery; packages for aero-design studies; computational physics and mathematical applications and even online courses for education.
Why in News?
- India’s newest and fastest supercomputer, PARAM-Siddhi AI, has been ranked 63rd in the Top500 list of most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world.
- A non-distributed computer system has all its components at a single location.
- The Top500 project tracks the most powerful supercomputers in the world, and is published twice a year.
Pratyush & Mihir
- PARAM-Siddhi is the second Indian supercomputer to be entered in the top 100 on the Top500 list.
- Pratyush, a supercomputer used for weather forecasting at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, ranked 78th on the November edition of the list. It was ranked 66th in the June rankings announced by the project.
- Another Indian supercomputer, Mihir (146th on the list), clubs with Pratyush to generate enough computing power to match PARAM-Siddhi.
- Japanese supercomputer Fugaku (442 petaflops) and IBM’s Summit (148.8 petaflops) are the two most powerful supercomputers in the world, according to the Top500 list.
- Chinese Sunway TaihuLight is number four on the list (93 petaflops), developed by the National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering & Technology (NRCPC) in China.
- Founded in 1988, the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is the premier R&D organization of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas.
- With the delivery of PARAM Supercomputers, C-DAC has been the forerunner of the ICT revolution in India, constantly innovating and leveraging its expertise in rolling out national level initiatives such as National Supercomputing Mission, Mission for Developing Digitally Inclusive and Smart Community (DISC) with focus on Agriculture, Health and Education, Cyber Security and Cyber Forensics Applications based on Biometrics and Bio-Informatics Applications including Cancer Research using Artificial Intelligence etc.
- C-DAC is also creating the peripheral frameworks required for high performance computing (HPC)-AI, which can be used by startups and researchers in the country.
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