Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
- The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an intergovernmental organisation and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).
- The OPCW, with its 193 Member States (including India), oversees the global endeavour to permanently and verifiably eliminate chemical weapons.
- Its headquarters are located in The Hague, Netherlands.
- The Chemical Weapons Convention is a universal, non-discriminatory, multi-lateral, disarmament treaty which prohibits the development, production, stock-piling and use of chemical weapons and monitors its elimination in order to secure a chemical weapons free world.
- The Convention entered into force in 1997. As on date, 193 countries are parties to the Convention.
- India is a signatory and party to the convention. India, pursuant to provisions of the Convention enacted the Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000.
Why in News?
- The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons has said that the U.S. is in the process of completing destruction of its remaining chemical weapons stockpiles.
- So far, the U.S. has destroyed 97.65% of its most dangerous Category 1 chemical weapons. All Category 2 and 3 weapons have been destroyed.
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