Why in News?
An Israeli team, led by a high ranking research and development (R&D) defence official, arrived in Delhi for the multi-pronged mission, code named “Operation Breathing Space”.
About Operation Breathing Space
- It is a India-Israel joint mission to work on the coronavirus (COVID-19) response.
- The mission would be coordinated by Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), and Indian Ministry of Defence (MOD) and the Ministry of Health.
- Under this, rapid tests are being developed which will provide results in less than 30 seconds if successful.
- The Israeli delegation led by the Directorate of Defence Research and Development of Israel, would conduct a series of tests to determine the effectiveness of a number of rapid diagnostic solutions along with Indian scientists and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
New rapid tests
- Trials on new testing have been conducted at a special testing site at Dr Ram Manohar Lohia (RML) Hospital, New Delhi.
- Four different kinds of simple, non-invasive technologies have been used in the trials, which includes an audio test, a breath test, thermal testing, and a polyamino test which seeks to isolate proteins related to COVID-19.
- In the audio test, a patient’s voice would be recorded and evaluated through artificial intelligence and machine learning.
- The breath test would involve making the patient blow into a tube, which would be analysed through specialised “high-frequency” methodology, using Terra-Hertz (THZ) waves.
- Isothermal testing allows detection of the virus in a saliva sample with the help of a chemical reaction and produces a result within 30 minutes, while testing using Polyamino acids too detects virus proteins in a saliva sample in a few minutes.