National Manufacturing Innovation Survey 2021-22
What’s in the news?
- The Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has conducted a joint study to evaluate the innovation performance of manufacturing firms in India.
- The study, titled “National Manufacturing Innovation Survey (NMIS) 2021-22”, was conducted as a two-pronged survey that examined the innovation processes, outcomes, and barriers in manufacturing firms, and also studied the innovation ecosystem that affects innovation outcomes in these firms.
- The exercise is a follow-up of the DST’s first National Innovation Survey held in 2011.
Highlights of the Survey
- Overall, Karnataka is the most “innovative” State, followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu (DNH&DD), Telangana, and Tamil Nadu.
- Telangana, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu had the highest share of innovative firms at 46.18%, 39.10% and 31.90%, respectively, with Odisha, Bihar, and Jharkhand reporting the lowest share of such firms at 12.78%, 13.47% and 13.71%, respectively.
- Nearly three-fourth of the 8,000-odd firms surveyed, most of them micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSME), neither made any innovative product nor business process innovation during the survey period of financial years 2017-2020.
- However, nearly 80% of the firms that did reported significant gains such as expanding markets and reducing production costs.
- The most frequent “barriers to innovation” were the lack of internal funds, high innovation costs, and lack of financing from external sources.
- Gujarat and DNH&DD reported the highest frequencies of barriers to innovation, despite being among India’s most industrialised States.
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