- The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is a statutory body established under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.
- The commission works under the aegis of the Ministry of Women and Child development.
- NCPCR is mandated to function for the protection and promotion of child rights. It is also mandated to monitor the implementation of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.
- The Commission may inquire into complaints and take suo motu notice of matters relating to-
- Deprivation and violation of child rights;
- Non-implementation of laws providing for protection and development of children;
- Non-compliance of policy decisions, guidelines or instructions aimed at mitigating hardships to and ensuring welfare of the children and to provide relief to such children;
- The commission consist of the following members namely:-
- A chairperson who, is a person of eminence and has done a outstanding work for promoting the welfare of children; and
- Six members, out of which at least two are women, are appointed by the Central Government from amongst persons of eminence, ability, integrity, standing and experience in Education; Child health, care or related fields.
Why in News?
- Union Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Zubin Irani has called upon the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights to see and review the infrastructure gaps in Child Care Homes.
- Section 27 of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 makes it mandatory to establish at least one Child Welfare Committee (CWC) in each district as the authority to dispose of cases for the care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of children in need of care & protection and to provide for their basic needs and protection of human rights.