What is it?
- The landlocked mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh is the subject of an unresolved dispute between Azerbaijan, in which it lies, and its ethnic Armenian majority, backed by neighbouring Armenia.
- In 1988, towards the end of Soviet rule, Azerbaijani troops and Armenian secessionists began a bloody war which left the de facto independent state in the hands of ethnic Armenians when a truce was signed in 1994.
- Negotiations have so far failed to produce a permanent peace agreement, and the dispute remains one of post-Soviet Europe’s “frozen conflicts.”
Why in News?
- Clashes erupted between Armenia and Azerbaijan recently over the volatile Nagorno-Karabakh region.
- The recent clashes reignited concern about instability in the South Caucasus, a corridor for pipelines transporting oil and gas to world markets.
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