About the Mission
- Gaganyaan, announced by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018, is the ₹10,000-crore first Indian Human Space Flight Programme (HSP) scheduled for 2022 when India completes 75 years of Independence.
- It is designed to have 3-7 crew members spend 3-7 days in space in a 400-km orbit (Low Earth Orbit or LEO).
- With this, India could potentially become the fourth country to send a man to space, after the erstwhile USSR, the US and China. (Denmark also has a manned space flight scheduled for 2022)
- The first of the two pre-Gaganyaan flights with a humanoid will be launched soon along with some of the six shortlisted micro-gravity experiments.
- GSLV Mk III, the three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle, will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has the necessary payload capability.
- Four pilots from the Indian Air Force (IAF) were shortlisted to receive training as astronauts of Gaganyaan.
- The chosen astronauts have begun their 12-month training at the Gagarin Research and Test Cosmonaut Training Centre (GCTC) in Moscow.
- ISRO unveiled its first ‘woman’ astronaut ‘Vyomamitra’, a Lady robot. It is a half-humanoid.
- Vyommitra will ride to space in the first test flight of the human space mission, Gaganyaan.
- The humanoid will simulate the human functions required for space before real astronauts take off before August 2022.
Why in News?
- As part of steps to deepen cooperation in civil space activities, the space agencies of India and Australia were working together to position temporarily Indian tracking facilities in Australia.
- This would support India’s planned human space flight programme-Gaganyaan.
- India, Australia space cooperation is underpinned by a formal Memorandum of Understanding signed between the two countries in 2012.
- Both nations have been collaborating since 1987 to support data calibration and laser raging for Indian satellites, launching Australian satellites, and conducting joint research.
- At a virtual summit in June, both countries elevated the bilateral relationship to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, and put in place practical agreements on cybersecurity, emerging technology and critical minerals.
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