- Measles is a childhood infection caused by a virus.
- Once quite common, measles can now almost always be prevented with a vaccine.
- Measles spreads easily and can be serious and even fatal for small children.
- While death rates have been falling worldwide as more children receive the measles vaccine, the disease still kills more than 200,000 people a year, mostly children.
Why in News?
- World Health Organization (WHO) has urged all nations in South-East Asia to take urgent and accelerated measures against measles. The disease is on the rise with nearly nine million children having missed vaccination against it in the past two years.