About Indian Ocean Rim Association
- IORA is an inter-governmental organisation which was established in 1997 to strengthen regional cooperation and sustainable development within the Indian Ocean region.
- IORA consists of 23 Member States (including India) and 9 Dialogue Partners.
- All sovereign States of the Indian Ocean Rim are eligible for membership of the Association. To become members, States must adhere to the principles and objectives enshrined in the Charter of the Association.
- IORA’s apex body is the Council of Foreign Ministers (COM) which meets annually.
- IORA became an observer to the UN General Assembly in 2015.
- Decisions made within IORA are reached by consensus and commitments are undertaken on a voluntary basis.
- The IORA Secretariat is based in Mauritius. It is headed by a fixed term Secretary-General.
Why in News?
- Several Foreign Ministers, including those of India, Bangladesh, Mauritius, Iran, Malaysia and South Africa, will participate in the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Council of Ministers meeting in Colombo on October 11, 2023, according to the Sri Lankan government, which is preparing to take over as Chair of the regional grouping this week.
- Sri Lanka’s Foreign Minister Ali Sabry will chair the Council, the highest decision-making body of the IORA, taking over from the Foreign Minister of Bangladesh, the current Chair, for the next two years.