- The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent judicial body established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998).
- It is an independent judicial body distinct from the UN.
- ICC investigates and tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression.
- The ICC was established as a court of last resort to prosecute the most heinous offenses in cases where national courts fail to act.
- It is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands .
- Only those who ratified (123 countries) the Rome Statute are parties to ICC.
- Prominent countries that are not members include China, India, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Qatar and Israel.
- The USA and Russia had signed the treaty but did not ratify it.
Why in News?
- Human rights groups have requested the International Criminal Court (ICC) to send a warning to Israel against carrying out potential war crimes as heavy bombardment of Gaza continues.