What’s in the news?
- India and Japan have finalised an ambitious agreement that provides for cooperation in 5G technology, artificial intelligence and an array of other critical areas.
- The agreement promotes cooperation in capacity building, research and development, security and resilience in the areas of Critical Information Infrastructure, 5G, Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), among others.
- The cooperation between India and Japan on 5G technology comes in the backdrop of growing reluctance by a significant number of countries globally to allow Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei to roll out 5G services in their territories.
- The US has already banned Huawei over concerns of security, and it has been pressuring other countries to restrict the operations of the Chinese telecom major.
- After a recent meeting between external affairs minister S Jaishankar and his Japanese counterpart Toshimitsu Motegi in Tokyo, it was also announced that Japan agreed to be the lead partner in the connectivity pillar of the Indo-Pacific Oceans’ Initiative (IPOI).
- The Indo-Pacific Oceans’ Initiative (IPOI) was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2019 at the East Asia Summit held in Bangkok, Thailand.
- The IPOI is aimed at making meaningful efforts to create a safe and secure maritime domain in the Indo-Pacific, a region where China has been expanding its military assertiveness triggering global concerns.
- As an open global initiative, the IPOI draws on existing regional cooperation architecture and mechanisms to focus on seven central pillars conceived around Maritime Security; Maritime Ecology; Maritime Resources; Capacity Building and Resource Sharing; Disaster Risk Reduction and Management; Science, Technology and Academic Cooperation; and Trade Connectivity and Maritime Transport.