Why in News:
- A digital artwork done by Robot artist Sophia, world’s first robot citizen has gone up for auction.
What is a humanoid robot?
- A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body. The design may be for functional purposes, such as interacting with human tools and environments, for experimental purposes, such as the study of bipedal locomotion, or for other purposes.
Why is Sophia Famous?
- She is the world’s first robot citizen.
- Sophia is a realistic humanoid robot capable of displaying humanlike expressions and interacting with people.
- In 2017, Sophia became a Saudi Arabian citizen, the first robot to receive citizenship of any country.
- Sophia was named the United Nations Development Programme’s first ever Innovation Champion, and is the first non-human to be given any United Nation title.
India’s Humanoid Robot
- In 2020, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) unveiled its first half-humanoid astronaut, named Vyom Mitra who will ride to space in the first test flight of the human space mission, Gaganyaan.
- Vyommitra is a female-looking spacefaring half-humanoid robot. Her body stops at the torso and has no legs.
- She can do switch panel operations, ECLSS [environment control and life support systems] functions, be a companion, converse with the astronauts, recognise them and also respond to their queries. She will simulate the human functions required for space before real astronauts take off.
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