Why in News:
- The Prime Minister will address the nation from Red Fort to mark the 400th birth anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru.
- Red Fort was the place from where Mughal ruler Aurangzeb gave orders for the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1675.
About Guru Tegh Bahadur
- He was the ninth Sikh Guru(Born in Amritsar in 1621 as Guru Hargobind’s youngest son)
- Known as the “Protector of Humanity” (Srisht-di-Chadar) amongst Sikhs.
- His field of expertise revolves around being a teacher, fighter, thinker, traveller, and poet.
- Many hymns written by Guru Tegh Bahadur were included in the Guru Granth Sahib.
- It was his efforts that started construction of community water wells and langars (community kitchen for the poor and hungry).
- Created the settlement of Chak-Nanki in Punjab( later became a part of Punjab’s Anandpur Sahib.
- Negotiated a treaty between the King of Ahom and Raja Ram Singh of Amber in Assam in 1668. He was sent there by Emperor Aurangzeb.
- Guru Tegh Bahadur was assassinated in Delhi in 1675 on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
- His nine-year-old son, Guru Gobind Singh took over after him and structured the Sikh community into a formalized community with a separate symbol known as Khalsa (Martial) identity.