About GST Council
- Goods & Services Tax Council is a constitutional body under Article 279A of the amended Constitution, for making recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to Goods and Service Tax.
- The Council was introduced by the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016.
- The GST Council is chaired by the Union Finance Minister and other members are the Union State Minister of Revenue or Finance and Ministers in-charge of Finance or Taxation of all the States.
Mandate of GST Council
- The Goods and Services Tax Council shall make recommendations to the Union and the States on—
- the taxes, cesses and surcharges levied by the Union, the States and the local bodies which may be subsumed in the goods and services tax;
- the goods and services that may be subjected to, or exempted from the goods and services tax;
- the threshold limit of turnover below which goods and services may be exempted from goods and services tax;
- the rates including floor rates with bands of goods and services tax;
- the date on which the goods and services tax be levied on petroleum crude, high speed diesel, motor spirit (commonly known as petrol), natural gas and aviation turbine fuel.
- Quorum: One-half of the total number of Members of the Goods and Services Tax Council shall constitute the quorum at its meetings.
- Voting share: Every decision of the Goods and Services Tax Council shall be taken at a meeting, by a majority of not less than three-fourths of the weighted votes of the members present and voting, in accordance with the following principles, namely: —
- the vote of the Central Government shall have a weightage of one-third of the total votes cast, and
- the votes of all the State Governments taken together shall have a weightage of two-thirds of the total votes cast, in that meeting.
- No act or proceedings of the Goods and Services Tax Council shall be invalid merely by reason of—
- any vacancy in, or any defect in, the constitution of the Council; or
- any defect in the appointment of a person as a Member of the Council; or
- any procedural irregularity of the Council not affecting the merits of the case.
- Dispute adjudication: The Goods and Services Tax Council shall establish a mechanism to adjudicate any dispute
- between the Government of India and one or more States; or
- between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more other States on the other side; or
- between two or more States, arising out of the recommendations of the Council or implementation thereof.
Why in News?
- The 48th GST Council met under the Chairmanship of Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs Nirmala Sitharaman via virtual mode in New Delhi.