Global Hunger index
What is it?
- The Global Hunger Index is an annual score ranking countries of the world on hunger levels.
- The Index is a peer-reviewed report released annually by Concern Worldwide (a humanitarian agency) and NGO Welthungerhilfe.
- It is based on 4 indicators:
- Child wasting – the share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition
- Child stunting – children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition
- Child mortality – the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
Why in News?
- The Global Hunger Index 2020 was released recently.
Highlights of the Report
- Overall, India ranks 94 out of 107 countries in the Index, lower than neighbours such as Bangladesh (75) and Pakistan (88). 2020 scores reflect data from 2015-19.
- According to the report, with a score of 27.2, India has a level of hunger that is “serious”. India’s rank was 102 out of 117 countries last year.
- India has the highest prevalence of wasted children under five years in the world, which reflects acute undernutrition.
- The situation has worsened in the 2015-19 period, when the prevalence of child wasting was 17.3%, in comparison to 2010-14, when it was 15.1%.
- Although it is still in the poorest category, however, child stunting has actually improved significantly, from 54% in 2000 to less than 35% now.
- Child wasting, on the other hand, has not improved in the last two decades, and is rather worse than it was decades ago.
- India has improved in both child mortality rates, which are now at 3.7%, and in terms of undernourishment, with about 14% of the total population which gets an insufficient caloric intake.
- In the region of south, east and south-eastern Asia, the only countries which fare worse than India are Timor-Leste, Afghanistan and North Korea.
- South Asia has the highest child wasting rate for any region, and India is the worst performer.
- Globally, nearly 690 million people are undernourished, according to the report, which warns that the COVID-19 pandemic could have affected the progress made on reducing hunger and poverty.
- The report noted that the world is not on track to achieve the Goal 2 of Sustainable Development Goal (to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030).
- At the current pace, approximately 37 countries will fail even to reach low hunger by 2030. These projections do not account for the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may worsen hunger and undernutrition in the near term and affect countries’ trajectories into the future.
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