Why in News:
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that it will launch an Earth Observation Satellite from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
About the satellite
- The satellite, EOS-03, will be carried on board the 14th flight of the GSLV, the GSLV-F10, and will place the satellite in a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit.
- A geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO) is a type of geocentric orbit. Satellites which are destined for geosynchronous (GSO) or geostationary orbit (GEO) are put into a GTO as an intermediate step for reaching their final orbit.
- The satellite will reach the final geostationary orbit using its onboard propulsion system.
- A geostationary orbit is a circular geosynchronous orbit above Earth’s equator following the direction of Earth’s rotation.
- Geostationary orbits of 36,000 km from the Earth’s equator are best known for the many satellites used for various forms of telecommunication, including television. Signals from these satellites can be sent all the way round the world.
- The EOS-03 is a state-of-the-art agile satellite that would enable real-time monitoring of natural disasters such as floods and cyclones, monitoring of water bodies, crops, vegetation condition, forest cover changes among others.
About earth observation satellites
- Earth Observation (EO) satellites help us to monitor and protect our environment, manage our resources, respond to global humanitarian disasters and enable sustainable development.
- They provide essential information on a vast number of areas, including; ocean salinity, ice thickness, crop health, and air quality.