National Mission on Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
- The National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE) is one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
- The Mission delivers better understanding of the coupling between the Himalayan ecosystem and the climate factors and provides inputs for Himalayan Sustainable development while also addressing the protection of a fragile ecosystem.
National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
- The National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change is also a part of NAPCC.
- It seeks to build a vibrant and dynamic knowledge system that would inform and support national action for responding effectively to the objective of ecologically sustainable development.
Why in the news?
- Two IITs (Mandi and Guwahati) and IISc Bengaluru have released a report on ‘Climate vulnerability assessment for adaptation planning in India using a common framework’ after conducting assessment across all the states.
- It was part of a capacity building programme under the National Mission on Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem and National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change.
- The report Developed Vulnerability Indices (VI) based on several factors such as:
- lack of forest area per 1,000 rural population,
- lack of crop insurance,
- marginal and small operational land holding,
- low density of health workers,
- low participation of women in the workforce,
- yield variability of food grains,
- a high proportion of the population below the poverty line.
What were the findings?
- The greenest part of India is the most vulnerable to climate change. Along with Chhattisgarh in central India, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal — all in the eastern part of the country — are the eight most vulnerable States that require prioritisation of adaptation interventions.
- Tamil Nadu and Kerala are among seven States that are the least vulnerable.
- Jharkhand, with the highest VI of 0.674, topped the list of States most vulnerable to climate change. Drivers of vulnerability: high incidence of vector-borne diseases, high yield variability of food grains, and low road and rail density.
- Mizoram was given second place because of less doctors availability.
- Odisha, came third due to its high prevalence of marginal land and small operational landholdings.