Dudhwa National Park
About the Park
- Location: The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is a protected area in Uttar Pradesh that stretches mainly across the Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts.
- It shares the north-eastern boundary with Nepal, which is defined to a large extent by the Mohana River.
- It comprises the Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary.
- The three Protected Areas, being the last viable home of the Royal Bengal Tiger in the state, have been jointly constituted into Dudhwa Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger.
- Vegetation: Moist Deciduous type, containing some of the finest examples of Sal forests in India, as well the most extensive tracts of moist grasslands that remain in this region.
- Rivers flowing through: The Sharda River flows by the Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary, the Geruwa River flows through the Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and the Suheli and Mohana streams flow in the Dudhwa National Park, all of which are tributaries of the mighty Ghagra River.
- Wildlife: Tiger, Rhinoceros ,Elephant, Swamp deer, Sambar, Cheetal, Hog deer, Kakar, Wild pig, Blue bull, Rhesus monkey, Langur, Sloth bear, Porcupine, Otter, Monitor lizard, Turtles, Python, Mugger, Gharial etc.
- Of the nearly 1300 birds found in the Indian subcontinent, over450 species can be seen in the Reserve. These include Hornbill, Red Jungle Fowl, Peafowl, Bengal Florican, Fishing eagle, Serpent eagle, Osprey, Woodpeckers, Shama, Indian Pitta, Paradise flycatcher, Orioles, Emerald dove etc.
Why in the news?
Women weavers residing around Dudhwa Tiger Reserve profit from technological interventions for their looms. They have been largely benefited by associating themselves with the Tharu Hath Karga Gharelu Udyog – a Self Help Group (SHG).
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