Why in News:
- Archaeological Survey of India said that it has not located the grave of Dara Shikoh within the Humayun’s Tomb complex.
Who is Dara Shikoh
- Dara Shikoh, who was Mughal emperor Shah Jahan’s eldest son and expected heir, was killed on the orders of his brother Aurangzeb in 1659 after losing the war of succession.
- Dara Shikoh is described as a “liberal Muslim” who tried to find commonalities between Hindu and Islamic traditions.
- He translated into Persian the Bhagavad Gita as well as 52 Upanishads.
- Dara Shikoh who was responsible for making the Upanishads available to the West as he had them translated.
- According to the Shahjahannama, after Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh, he brought the latter to Delhi in chains. His head was cut off and sent to Agra Fort, while his torso was buried in the Humayun’s Tomb complex.
- Italian traveller Niccolao Manucci gave a graphic description of the day in Travels of Manucci, as he was there as a witness
Positions held by him
- Subahdar (governor) of Allahabad
- Governor of the province of Gujarat
- Governor of Multan and Kabul
Titles given to him
- Shahzada-e-Buland Iqbal (“Prince of High Fortune”) was given to him by his father Shah Jahan
- ‘Shah-e-Buland Iqbal (“King of High Fortune”)’
- ‘Padshahzada-i-Buzurg Martaba’ (Prince of High Rank)
- One of the most famous books he authored is “Majma-ul-Bahrain”, meaning the ‘The confluence of the two seas’ and is a comparative study of Vedanta and Sufism.
- The first garden-monument on the Indian subcontinent, this tomb was created in 1570 and is of cultural significance.
- Empress Bega Begum(also known as Haji Begum), Humayun’s first wife, commissioned it.
- The garden-tomb of Humayun is an example of the charbagh (a four quadrant garden with the four rivers ). It is also known as the Mughal Dormitory since over 150 Mughal family members are buried in the cells. It has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- It was a watershed moment in Mughal design, and it set a precedent for succeeding Mughal construction with its accomplished Charbagh garden, which was inspired by Persian gardens but never seen before in India.
To read about World Heritage Sites: https://officerspulse.com/unesco-world-heritage-sites/
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