About BrahMos Missile
- BrahMos is the supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India and NPOM of Russia.
- BrahMos is an amalgamation of the names of the rivers Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia.
- BrahMos is a two-stage missile with solid propellant booster as first stage and liquid ramjet as the second stage.
- The missile has a very low radar signature, making it stealthy, and can achieve a variety of trajectories.
- Being a cruise missile it can be guided towards a predetermined land- or sea-based target.
- With a capability to attain speeds 2.8 times that of sound (Mach 2.8), BrahMos is classified as a supersonic cruise missile.
- The ‘fire and forget’ type missile can achieve a cruising altitude of 15 km and a terminal altitude as low as 10 m to hit the target.
- The range of the BrahMos was originally limited to 290 kms as per obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) of which Russia was a signatory. Following India’s entry into the club in 2016, plans were announced to extend the range initially to 450 kms and subsequently to 600 kms. BrahMos with extended range upto 450 kms has been tested several times since.
- Established in 1987, the voluntary MTCR aims to limit the spread of ballistic missiles and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks.
- The regime includes 35 members (including India). MTCR membership helps countries to have access to crucial missile technologies.
- Various versions of the BrahMos, including those which can be fired from land, warships, submarines and Sukhoi-30 fighter jets have already been developed and successfully tested in the past.
Why in News?
- Indian Navy carried out a successful precision strike by ship launched BrahMos missile in the Arabian Sea.
- It was done with the indigenous seeker and booster designed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).