About BrahMos Missile
- BrahMos is the supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India and NPOM of Russia.
- BrahMos is an amalgamation of the names of the rivers Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia.
- BrahMos is a two-stage missile with solid propellant booster as first stage and liquid ramjet as the second stage.
- Being a cruise missile it can be guided towards a predetermined land- or sea-based target.
- With a capability to attain speeds 2.8 times that of sound (Mach 2.8), BrahMos is classified as a supersonic cruise missile.
- It operates on the “Fire and Forget” principle i.e it does not require further guidance after launch.
- BrahMos currently has a range of 290 km, but efforts are also on to extend this to 400 km.
- Various versions of the BrahMos, including those which can be fired from land, warships, submarines and Sukhoi-30 fighter jets have already been developed and successfully tested in the past.
Why in News?
- BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited (BAPL) signed a contract with the Department of National Defence of the Republic of Philippines for supply of Shore Based Anti-Ship Missile System to Philippines.
- The BAPL is a joint venture company of the Defence Research and Development Organisation. The contract is an important step forward for Government of India’s policy of promoting responsible defence exports.