- The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) was launched by the Government in 2020 for promoting digitization of healthcare and creating an open interoperable digital health ecosystem for the country.
- It aims to do so by prescribing common health data standards, developing core modules such as registry of health facilities, healthcare professionals etc required for interoperability; so that various digital health systems can interact with each other by enabling seamless sharing of data across various healthcare providers who may be using different digital health systems.
- ABDM will create certain core building blocks or modules such as registries of individuals/citizens/patients (Health ID registry), registry of healthcare professionals (Healthcare Professionals Registry) and registry of healthcare facilities including hospitals, laboratories, pharmacies, etc (Health Facility Registry). In these registries, each of these entities is provided with a unique identifier across the ecosystem.
- Any individual can enroll in ABDM to generate a Health ID (https://healthid.ndhm.gov.in/). Healthcare professionals recognized by Indian authorities can register on the Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) (https://hpr.ndhm.gov.in/en). Health facilities can register themselves on the Health Facility Registry (HFR) (https://facility.ndhm.gov.in/).
- Participation in ABDM is voluntary including for citizens. Participation of a healthcare facility or an institution is also voluntary and shall be taken by the respective management (government or private management).
- The implementation of ABDM is expected to significantly improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and transparency of health service delivery overall. Patients will be able to securely store and access their medical records and share them with health care providers to ensure appropriate treatment and follow-up.
- They will also have access to more accurate information on health facilities and service providers. Further, they will have the option to access health services remotely through tele-consultation and e-pharmacy.
- ABDM will empower individuals with accurate information to enable informed decision making and increase accountability of healthcare providers.
- Similarly, health care professionals across disciplines will have better access to a patient’s medical history (with the necessary informed consent) for prescribing more appropriate and effective health interventions.
- The National Health Authority (NHA), the apex agency responsible for the implementation of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY), has been given the mandate by the government to design, build, roll-out and implement the ABDM in the country.
- NHA is an attached office of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare with full functional autonomy.
Why in News?
- The National Health Authority (NHA), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) is organising ‘Arogya Manthan’ to celebrate two years of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).