- To recast the urban landscape of the country, to make urban areas more livable and inclusive besides driving economic growth, the Government of India launched a centrally sponsored scheme namely Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) in 2015.
- It is implemented under the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs.
- AMRUT seeks to lay a foundation to enable cities and towns to eventually grow into smart cities.
- The purpose of AMRUT is to
- Ensure that every household has access to a tap with the assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
- Increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks) and
- Reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
- The Priority zone of the Mission is water supply followed by sewerage.
- The components of the AMRUT consist of capacity building, reform implementation, water supply, sewerage and septage management, storm water drainage, urban transport and development of green spaces and parks.
- Five hundred cities have been selected under AMRUT.
- Implementation of this Mission will be linked to promotion of urban reforms such as
- constitution of professional municipal cadre,
- devolving funds and functions to urban local bodies,
- review of Building bye-laws,
- improvement in assessment and collection of municipal taxes,
- credit rating of urban local bodies,
- energy and water audit and
- citizen-centric urban planning.
- Central assistance will be to the extent of 50 percent of project cost for cities and towns with a population of up to 10 lakh and one-third of the project cost for those with a population of above 10 lakh.
- Central assistance will be released in three instalments in the ratio of 20:40:40 based on achievement of milestones indicated in State Annual Action Plans.
- AMRUT 2.0 was launched on October 1, 2021 for a period of five years starting from the financial year 2021-22 to 2025-26.
- AMRUT 2.0 aims to provide 100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 urban local bodies by providing about 2.68 crore tap connections and 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities by providing around 2.64 crore sewer/ septage connections.
- The scheme will adopt the principles of circular economy and promote conservation and rejuvenation of surface and groundwater bodies.
- A circular economy is an economic model designed to minimize resource input, as well as waste and emission production.
- Circular economy aims to reach the maximum efficiency in the use of finite resources, the gradual transition to renewable resources, and recovery of the materials and products at the end of their useful life. Essentially, a circular economy describes a regenerative economic system.
Why in News?
- The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has so far approved 6,527 projects under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) 2.0.