Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
- AMRUT was launched in 2015 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
- It seeks to lay a foundation to enable cities and towns to eventually grow into smart cities.
- AMRUT adopts a project approach to ensure basic infrastructure services relating to water supply, sewerage, septage management, storm water drains, transport and development of green spaces and parks with special provision for meeting the needs of children.
- This Mission will be implemented in 500 cities and towns each with a population of one lakh and above, some cities situated on stems of main rivers, a few capital cities and important cities located in hilly areas, islands and tourist areas.
Implementation of this Mission will be linked to promotion of urban reforms such as
- constitution of professional municipal cadre,
- devolving funds and functions to urban local bodies,
- review of Building bye-laws,
- improvement in assessment and collection of municipal taxes,
- credit rating of urban local bodies,
- energy and water audit and
- citizen-centric urban planning.
- Central assistance will be to the extent of 50 percent of project cost for cities and towns with a population of up to 10 lakh and one-third of the project cost for those with a population of above 10 lakh.
- Central assistance will be released in three instalments in the ratio of 20:40:40 based on achievement of milestones indicated in State Annual Action Plans.
AMRUT and Cooperative Federalism
- Under AMRUT, work of selection, appraisal, approval and implementation of projects in cities have been delegated to States/UTs and concerned Urban Local Bodies.
- At Central level, only State Annual Action Plans (SAAPs) submitted by the States are considered for approval.
- AMRUT makes States equal partners in planning and implementation of projects, thus actualizing the spirit of cooperative federalism.
- Random citizen survey and feedback about the services is an integral part of the Mission.
Why in the news?
This information was given in a written reply by Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (I/C) Housing & Urban Affairs, in Lok Sabha recently.
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