What is Artificial Intelligence
- Artificial intelligence leverages computers and machines to mimic the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of the human mind
- It also encompasses sub-fields of machine learning and deep learning, which are frequently mentioned in conjunction with artificial intelligence.
Types of AI
- Artificial General Intelligence
AGI is designed to be capable of performing a wide variety of intellectual tasks.
AGI is designed to be flexible and adaptable, capable of handling new tasks and situations without human intervention. This which is often referred to as ‘unsupervised learning’ which means that the AI system can learn from data without being explicitly programmed to do so.
- Artificial Narrow Intelligence
ANI is designed to perform a single or a narrow set of related tasks
ANI, by contrast, is designed to perform a specific task or set of tasks and is not capable of generalising knowledge or skills to new situations outside of its programmed domain.
- Generative AI is a type of artificial intelligence technology that can produce various types of content, including text, imagery, audio and synthetic data.
- Generative AI was introduced in the 1960s in chatbots.
- But it was not until 2014, with the introduction of generative adversarial networks, or GANs — a type of machine learning algorithm — that generative AI could create convincingly authentic images, videos and audio of real people.
- It has its applications in ChatGPT, Deepfakes etc
Global Partnership on AI
- GPAI is an international and multistakeholder initiative to promote responsible use of AI
- It has 29 members at present
- India is a founding member of GPAI
- Membership of AI is open to all
- The secretariat is provided by Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development
AI and future of jobs
- ChatGPT, and similar solutions, are particularly adept at automating routine and repetitive tasks, such as data entry and customer service which could perhaps replace low-skill level workers.
- In industries like healthcare, for example, AI can optimise transportation networks, develop new materials, and even simplify manufacturing processes.
- For example, Buzzfeed layoffs were almost at the same time during its new deal with OpenAI to leverage ChatGPT for its articles
- AI may create demand for workers with expertise in machine learning, data science and natural language processing. and project management.
- It may also create opportunities for workers to specialise in areas where human judgement and creativity will remain critical.
- The impact of AI on jobs and industries is likely to be uneven, with some workers and industries experiencing greater disruption than others.