What is Risa?
- It is a cloth which is a part of Tripura’s customary attire.
- Total 3 type of clothes form the part of traditional attire:
- Risa: handwoven cloth, is used as a head gear, stole, female upper cloth or presented to honour a distinguished recipient.
- Rignai: used to cover the lower part of the body.
- Rituku: covers the upper half of the body, wrapping it all around.
- Risa plays a vital role in the social utilities. A girl starts to wear Risa around 12-14 years of age after a ceremony called Risa Sormani.
- It is used in religious festivals like the Garia Puja, a customary festival of the tribal communities.
- It is also used to make head gears for males in ceremonies such as weddings and festivals.
- Risa is woven in different colourful designs. In the ancient days, they used to judge a woman’s intelligence in these communities by her woven Rignai and Risa designs.
- Maharaj Trilochana, aka Subhrai Raja, one of the early Manikya kings is seen as a pioneer of the Risa designs as he invented more than 250 designs of Risa.
- With modern times, most of the Risa heritage is lost due to mechanical weaving and fewer designs are available.
Why in the news?
- The Tripura government is set to promote Risa as the signature textile of Tripura nationally.
- The government is trying to add Risa into its policy for self-employment so that traditional weavers and handlooms get support.