- Veeramamunivar, the Jesuit priest, is known in the Tamil literary world for his epic Thembavani.
- The Christian missionary also wrote minor literary works including a Thevaram, on the lines of hymns sung by Saivaite saints.
- Veermamunivar was attracted by the Bhakti movement that flourished in Tamil Nadu and the singing of the hymns of the Nayanmars and Azhwars.
Why in News?
- Veermamunivar’s 140th birth anniversary was celebrated on November 8.
About Bhakti Movement
- The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later acted as the de facto catalyst to the formation of Sikhism.
- It originated in eighth-century south India (now Tamil Nadu and Kerala), and spread northwards. It swept over east and north India from the 15th century onwards, reaching its zenith between the 15th and 17th century CE.
- The movement started with the Saiva Nayanars and the Vaisnava Alvars, who lived between 5th and 9th century CE. Their efforts ultimately helped spread bhakti poetry and ideas throughout India by the 12th–18th century CE.
- The movement was inspired by many poet-saints, who championed a wide range of philosophical positions ranging from theistic dualism of Dvaita to absolute monism of Advaita Vedanta.
- The Bhakti movement began with the aim of reforming Hinduism.
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