What is it?
- The Tiananmen Square protests were student-led demonstrations calling for democracy, free speech and a free press in China.
- They were halted in a bloody crackdown, known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre, by the Chinese government on June 4 and 5, 1989.
- At the end of June 1989, the Chinese government said 200 civilians and several dozen security personnel had died. Other estimates have ranged from hundreds to many thousands.
- The image of an unidentified man standing alone in defiance and blocking a column of Chinese tanks on June 5 became the defining image of the protests.
Why in News?
- Thousands of Hong Kongers defied a police ban to gather in the city and mark the 31st anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre.
- Commemorating this massacre is forbidden in mainland China.