Why in News?
- The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has manufactured the last two Su-30MKIs of the 272 aircraft contracted from Russia and is all set to deliver them to the Indian Air Force (IAF).
About the Sukhoi Deal
- India had contracted the Su-30s from Russia in batches of which 222 were assembled by HAL at its Nasik plant under Transfer of technology (ToT) since 2004.
- Of the 272 fighters, 40 are being modified to carry the air launched version of the supersonic cruise missile BrahMos.
How will this help India?
- Sukhoi jets have been modified to carry BrahMos air-to-surface missiles which gives the army to aim for long-range precision strikes.
- Air and maritime dominance in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
About the Integration
- The Sukhoi Su-30MKI is a twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under license by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the IAF.
- It will give the IAF more advantage during its missions in the Indian Ocean Region as the BrahMos stand-off distance is around 300 km and the Su-30 MKI is 3000 km, which also has the capability of being refuelled during a mission.
- BrahMos missile is a supersonic cruise missile which features Indian propulsion system, airframe, power supply, and other major indigenous components. It is named on the Indian river Brahmaputra and Russian river Moskva.
- It is one of the fastest cruise missiles with a speed of Mach 2.8, which is about 3 times the speed of sound.
- Mach is used as a unit of measurement in stating the speed of a moving object in relation to the speed of sound. For example, if an aircraft is traveling at Mach 1, it is traveling at exactly the speed of sound.
- It is a two-stage (solid propellant engine in the first stage and liquid ramjet in second) air to surface missile with a flight range of around 300 km (efforts are also on to extend this to 400-500 km).
- Brahmos can be launched from land, air, and sea and multi capability missiles with pinpoint accuracy and operates on the “Fire and Forget” principle.