Why in News?
- Statistics Day was celebrated on June 29, 2020 on the birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis.
- The theme of Statistics Day, 2020 is SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls).
Contribution of PC Mahalanonobis to Statistics
- PC Mahalanobis (1893 –1972) was an Indian scientist and applied statistician. He is referred to as the chief architect of Indian statistical system as well as father of statistical science in India.
- He established the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in 1931 and was made an autonomous body of the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation in 1959.
- He also helped in the establishment of the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO), the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) .
P.C. Mahalanobis National Award
- In 2019, the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation instituted a new award, namely, the Prof. P.C. Mahalanobis National Award in Official statistics for recognizing outstanding achievement of official statisticians in Central Government, State Governments and Institutions.The award will be given on Statistics Day.